Decorative Concrete – Stained, Stamped, Scored and Polished

Link to Decorative Concrete

Decorative concrete, also widely referred to as architectural concrete, can most easily be defined as any technique that alters what would be more aesthetically appealing to the simple, grey concrete. Decorative concrete is capable of incorporating many different looks and techniques. It may involve basic colouring techniques such as acid stains, acrylic stains, concrete dyes and integral colours (also known as blended colours; mixed in concrete before being poured out). It may also require special treatments such as stamping, grading, chiselling, and polishing which may alter the surface texture. Sometimes, decorative concrete uses several methods to make the surface fully customisable.Learn more at Newark Decorative Concrete Contractors Association

Concrete Faded

Possibly one of the most well-known techniques to be more design-friendly in transforming plain concrete is staining, particularly for interior applications. This method involves taking and physically staining a cured concrete slab to be a certain colour (or colours). There are two big forms of stain on concrete. Acid blemish is the most common form of concrete stain. It is known for its rich colour. The acid binds to the concrete and takes on a life of its own. The effect is a marbled colouration, similar to grainy leather. Working with it is probably one of the toughest stains; it takes a lot of care when applying because after all, you ‘re dealing with acid. The stain doesn’t cover concrete defects. It would certainly, on the contrary, reveal flaws, even those you didn’t see when the concrete was in its natural condition. However, this character exposed by acid stain is part of the finished product’s allure of an acid stain function. Beton stains based on water and acrylic concrete stains produce a far more consistent appearance than acid stains do. These stains have a thin, milky consistency that allows them to flow into the pores of the concrete which distinguishes them from any concrete paint that can flake off because paints simply cover the surface. It acts more like a pigment since there is no chemical reaction between the stain and the concrete.

For concrete pads that have cosmetic flaws, it is a safer choice than acid stain, since coverage is reasonably good. It’s only a semi-translucent stain, though, so it won’t hide contaminants and other concrete flaws entirely. Concrete dyes are also generally called water-based stains. Sometimes used to accentuate the function of an acid stain job by giving a different colour to some parts of the concrete. Acrylic stains provide a wide range of deep and light colours with a far wider option than acid stains do. While acid stains often rely on a concrete reaction to create colour, the acrylic stain colours are generally the same in the bottle as they are on the concrete. That makes the outcome much easier to predict. It also makes for faster mixing to balance other colours around at the job site. It is recommended to put some kind of protective coating on the surface once the stain job is complete. This will avoid wear and fade. For outdoor applications it is recommended to have a concrete sealer. A solvent sealer or xylene sealer leaves a tough, semi-gloss surface, whereas a water based sealer leaves a matt finish. Typically it is advised to add a wax for indoor applications, much like that used on a gym floor. In summary, staining is typically a good choice if you already have a concrete slab to which you want to add colour. Stains do not mask concrete flaws, nor do they modify concrete structure. They simply apply a semi-transparent colour. Many tools and techniques are available which broaden design options when using concrete stain. There are stencils on the market for example that make a colour design. Scored lines are often widely used for applying a pattern or design to the concrete as well.