The sharks have received a lot of attention lately. From the man who captured a shark with his bare hands to the man who fled from another’s mouth, sharks are making hot news for themselves. Step over Flipper, it’s the turn of sharks to fame. Have a look at this site.
This is not the first time sharks have been noticed, of course. Most of us should not go into the water without having an eye out for a dorsal fin and an ear out for the theme song from Jaws, from the Jersey Shore Shark Attacks of 1916, in which five people were attacked over a period of eleven days, to the 79 attacks that occurred in 2000. Yet no matter what we fear, sharks aren’t exactly machines for man-eating. That’s not to suggest that people can look for them with words like here fishy, fishy, fishy,” but it’s not important to be afraid to go into the water either.
Separating Fact from Fiction
It might seem like hundreds of sharks are flooding the water, licking their tongues, waiting for the sight of an unknowing person. This is a myth, however. Only a small percentage of sharks have ever attacked humans; only four forms have been involved in a measurable number of attacks with over 360 species: the tiger shark, the bull shark, the white ocean tip, and the big white.
Almost half the attacks are provoked when sharks do strike. People either chase sharks, tease them, or make them feel threatened in any way. Unprovoked shark attacks, though not often, do happen. For instance, 58 unprovoked shark attacks were reported in 2005. Out of these, four have been fatal.
Why Assault They
The reason sharks strike is sort of a mystery, one that is possibly never going to be solved. After all, it isn’t like we can actually ask them. In an effort to provide any answers, however a variety of hypotheses remain. As with any fish, if it feels threatened or territorial, a shark can strike based on instinct. The most likely explanation for unprovoked attacks is that sharks confuse people for prey, assuming that the person who floats on a boogie board is really a seal.
The fact that sharks sometimes bite an individual once and then retreat, confirms this notion. They leave the prey to die in the mind of the shark, allowing the shark to reclaim its dinner later without a challenge. This may be the case for a seal – it can very well be induced to die by biting a seal – but many humans will survive by summoning aid. An animal is the fact that the shark retreats signals that it believes what it has bitten. It is still probable, of course, for the shark to retreat simply because humans do not taste so well. We would need salt.
How to An Attack Stop
Simply keeping out of the water is the surest way to escape a shark attack. For those who love sea-going trips, this may not be plausible. Other ways of precaution should then be employed.
First of all if a certain area has experienced a large number of attacks recently, stay out of that zone. Sharks are not like lightening; they’re going to strike twice at the same place. Staying with others is also a smart idea, since sharks are much more likely than an entire group to target a single human. It is also key to location and time of day. For example, near the shore, sharks are less likely to attack and much more likely to attack near sand bars and drop offs. During the darkness and twilight hours, sharks are still on the hunt.
Even something as basic as clothes can mean the difference between being assaulted and being ignored. Sharks are more likely to target individuals wearing shiny jewellery or light coloured clothes. This is because there is a keen sense of comparison between sharks. Sharks are often drawn into the blood, thereby increasing the possibility of entering the ocean while bleeding. Any form of repetitive movement is also attractive to sharks, including splashing or irregular movements.